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Term Ecology
Definition

Science that studies the relationship between living organisms and their environments, understood as the sum of abiotic factors (such as climate and geology) and biotic factors (organisms that share a habitat). Ecology also analyzes the distribution and abundance of living organisms. The term was introduced by Ernst Haeckel in 1866.

Due to the exuberant biodiversity of the Dominican Republic, many people and institutions have devoted themselves to the study of ecology and the protection of Dominican ecosystems. At present, there are various governmental and non-governmental institutions carrying out studies. Among them are the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, the Research Institute in Marine Biology at Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo (CIBIMA), the National Zoological Park, the National Botanical Park, the National Aquarium and the Natural History Museum. Some of the non-governmental organizations include Quisqueya Verde, the Center for Conservation and Eco-development of the Samaná Bay and its surroundings, Vida Azul, Grupo Jaragua, EcoMar, Fundación Ecológica Punta Cana, Progressio Foundation and Amigo de los Delfines. Many of these institutions, in addition to fighting for the protection of natural resources through campaigns and other activities, conduct field research and socialization activities to engage the surrounding communities in the protection and sustainable use of natural resources.

Two of the most outstanding figures in the field of ecology in the Dominican Republic are Eugenio de Jesús Marcano and Idelisa Bonnelly de Calventi. The former stands out for his great contributions to the knowledge of fauna and flora species in the country. Thanks to him, significant expeditions have taken place, during which interesting collections of plants and animals were discovered, and they still serve as a reference for national scientists. Professor Idelisa Bonnelly stands out in the struggle for the protection of marine ecosystems and has spearheaded research, especially on whales and dolphins.

Due to the great importance of ecology for the nation’s development, programs are being offered for studies in this and other related areas. For example, Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo offers bachelor degree programs in biology, as well as Master’s degree and postgraduate programs in ecology, environmental studies and ecotourism. Also, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra offers a Master’s degree in applied ecology.


Additional Information
GraphicLevels of Organization
Topic  BiodiversitySustainable developmentEnvironmental educationUse / land cover