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Term Climate Change Threatens Turtle Nests in Panama

The high temperatures on the sand on some beaches of Panama, where turtles nest, are threatening their nests according to Tortuguías Foundation, dedicated to environmental protection.

According to Gerardo Alvarez, a member of the Foundation, studies have been conducted on the beaches of Punta Chame and Cambutal, in the Panamanian Pacific, where the temperature of the sand has reached 36 degrees Celsius.

However, the temperature for the incubation of the eggs must be between 26 and 35 degrees because from there "the pregnancy stops, proteins of the eggs are denatured and basically they fry," said Alvarez.

The temperature of the sand determines the sex of the turtles. If the temperature is between 27 and 31 degrees Celsius there is a greater chance of being born male, while if the temperature exceeds 32 degrees more females will born, according to the specialist.

Eggs of the Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) were relocated from their original nests on the beach and placed in an incubator, where the pups were born and later released into the sea.

The small turtles should do their first entry into the water by themselves, because that’s the path they will remember later to return to the same beach to lay their eggs, 20 years from now.

Of the seven species of marine turtles, five can be seen in Panama.





Topic  Biodiversity