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Term Environmental sustainability

Set of ideas and actions aimed at respecting and ensuring environmental quality by preventing its degradation. This implies, in economic terms, internalizing the external costs of pollution and the costs involved with the use of natural resources, leaving behind the notion that they are free goods.

The concept of sustainable development was released worldwide in 1987 by the Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, better known as the Brundtland Commission.

During the Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, great strides were made in the sense of establishing a model of sustainable development, understood as a model that integrates ecological, social and economic aspects. The Conference in Rio de Janeiro reached an international consensus that environmental issues are a key concern for the global community.

Meanwhile, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) participated in the creation of local Agenda 21 groups to implement the results of Rio de Janeiro.

The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) follows up on the Rio agreements, develops new proposals, and organizes an annual forum on sustainable development at a global scale.

With this mandate, it promoted the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. The main goals to achieve are:

• By the year 2015, the reduction by half in the number of people without access to basic health care in the world.
• By the year 2020, the minimization of the consequences to health and the environment posed by the production and use of chemicals.


Topic  BiodiversitySustainable developmentEnvironmental managementEnvironmental educationProtected areas