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Term Amphibian

Four-legged vertebrate that undergoes a transformation (metamorphosis) during its development. It spends its larval phase (with gill respiration) in an aquatic environment and its adult stage (with pulmonary respiration) out of the water. It includes salamanders, frogs and toads.

Approximately 65 species of amphibians have been registered in the country. More than 95% are endemic species, with the exception of several introduced species such as the marine toad (Bufo marinus), the bull frog (Rana catesbeiana), the common coqui (Eleutherodactylus coqui) and the white-lipped frog (Leptodactylusalbilabris).1 Currently, more than half of these species are endangered, according to the Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

1Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales; UASD (Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo); PNUMA (Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente). Informe GEO Republica Dominicana 2010: Estado y Perspectivas del Medio Ambiente [en línea]; PNUMA: Santo Domingo, D.N., 2010. <>  (Consulta: 13 enero 2011).


Additional Information
TableCritically endangered amphibians in the Dominican Republic
Topic  BiodiversityProtected areas