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Term National Park
Definition

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a national park is a protected area seeking mainly to conserve ecosystems and provide recreation. National parks fall under Category II of the IUCN,1 which is defined as "natural land or marine area designated to: (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations, (b) exclude types of exploitation or occupation that are hostile to the purpose for which the area was designated and (c) provide a framework for spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and touristic activities that are compatible from ecological and cultural points of view.”

Permitted uses in this category of protected area are scientific research, education, recreation, nature tourism or ecotourism, infrastructure protection and research, infrastructure for public use or for eco-tourism under the specifications defined by each area’s management plan.

Article 14 of the Act of Sectorial Protected Areas of the Dominican Republic (Act 202-04)2 stipulates that the management objectives for this category are: "to protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems of great ecological importance or scenic beauty, regardless of whether or not the land is covered by forest or is a marine area, for the benefit of present and future generations, with the objective of avoiding intensive harvesting and occupations that adversely affect its ecosystems, providing the basis for creating spiritual, recreational, scientific, educational, or touristic opportunities." This category has two subtypes: national parks and national underwater parks.2 There are currently 30 national parks in the country.

See National System of Protected Areas

1UICN  (Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza). Directrices para las Categorías de Manejo de Áreas Protegidas.http://www.unep-wcmc.org/protected_areas/categories/esp/ii.pdf (Consulta: 23 marzo 2011).

2 Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. Ley Sectorial de Áreas Protegidas, No. 202-04. <http://www.ambiente.gob.do/cms/archivos/legislacion/ley202-04.pdf> (Consulta 23 marzo 2011).

 
 

Additional Information
TableNational Parks in the Dominican Republic
Topic  BiodiversitySustainable developmentForest resourcesProtected areasUse / land coverResources coastal / marineLegal and Institutional