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Term Palynology
Definition

A discipline within botany dedicated to the study of pollen and spores. It focuses on the analysis of the shape, size and characteristics of the outer layer of current or fossilized pollen grains. A palynological study contributes to the taxonomy of plants and enables the distinction between taxa on different levels, such as family, genus or species.

Because grains of pollen and spores are highly resistant to decay, they may remain intact in soil. For this reason, palynology is important in studies of ancient eras (archeology), as it allows a reconstruction of the existing vegetation during a particular place and time and the deduction of the environmental characteristics of the place. Palynological analysis has many applications, and allows one to explore the nature of biological pollutants, predict harvest behaviors and carry out agronomic research. In addition, it is useful for climatology and oil geology.


Topic  Environmental educationGeology