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Term Mammal

 Vertebrate animal with hair and a relatively constant body temperature which feeds milk to its offspring. Examples include the horse, ape, tiger, fox, mouse, whale and human beings.

In the Dominican Republic, 48 species of mammals exist, of which 19 are bats. Furthermore, on all of Hispaniola island only three endemic species of terrestrial mammals can be found: the solenodonte (Solenodon paradoxus), the hutia (Plagiodontia aedium) and the bat (Natalus major). In regards to marine mammals, the country’s coasts are inhabited by the manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus), the bottle-nosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), and the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).

Marine mammals are abundant in the coastal waters of the island, and they are grouped into the Sirenia and Cetacea orders. The manatee (Trichechus manatus), a species in danger of extinction, belongs to the first order, and dolphins and whales belong to the second. In coastal and marine waters, the presence of 14 cetaceous species have been confirmed, of which 10 belong to the toothed suborder, Odonteceti, and four belong to the toothless suborder, Mysticeti.


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Topic  BiodiversityEnvironmental education