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Term Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Definition

It is a family of chemical products that contain chlorine, fluorine, and carbon derived from saturated hydrocarbons, where hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine and fluorine. Due to its chemical stability and non-toxicity they have been used as refrigerants, aerosol propellants, cleaning solvents, and in the manufacturing of foam. However, they are the main cause of ozone layer depletion and their manufacturing was banned by the Montreal Protocol of the Vienna Convention in 1987.

Following the ratification of the Montreal Protocol, the country set the goal of eradicating the consumption of CFCs by the year 2010. Five years before this date, the country fulfilled said CFC consumption reduction commitment and achieved one of the targets of Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The most significant reductions in CFC have happened since the year 2000. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources believes that the replacement of unsustainable farming techniques for sustainable techniques, such as integrated pest management, steam and hydroponics, among others, and the implementation of the Terminal Plan for Phasing Out CFCs project were key actions that helped to reduce CFCs and methyl bromide.1

1PNUD (Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo). República Dominicana logra una de las metas de los ODM [en línea].http://www.pnud.org.do/content/republica-dominicana-logra-una-de-las-metas-de-los-odm (Consulta: 22 feb. 2011).


Additional Information
LinkCFC Consumption in the Dominican Republic
PhotoChlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
Topic  Sustainable developmentEnvironmental managementEnvironmental educationEnvironmental pollutionLegal and InstitutionalHydrologyClimate