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Term Fauna
Definition

The totality of animal life that inhabits a particular place and time. It is divided into two large groups: invertebrates (including arthropods, echinoderms, mollusks, etc.) and vertebrates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals).

Among the vertebrate fauna of the Dominican Republic, which includes at least 399 species of fish, 65 amphibians, 146 reptiles and 306 birds, mammals are the most notorious because of their high levels of endangerment. The country has a total of 48 mammals, including terrestrial and aquatic species.

Terrestrial mammals belong to the orders Insectivora, Rodentia and Chiroptera.1 The solenodon (Solenodon paradoxus) is part of the first order, the jutía (Plagiodontia aedium) is a member of the second and the bat is a member of the third. Some of the native and endemic terrestrial mammals are believed to be extinct, as is the case of the Solenodon marcanoi. The ones that still exist are highly endangered as a result of the invasion of introduced species and the destruction of natural habitats, among other causes.1,2

Bats are the mammal group that boasts the greatest diversity in the island, with a total of 19 species, all of them native, with the exception of the Natalus major, considered endemic, and the Lasiurus cinereus, an accidental migratory species.2

1International Resources Group, Ltd. Perfil ambiental de la República Dominicana. USAID (Agencia de los Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo) Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales: Santo Domingo, DO, 2001.
2 Llibre, C; Quírico, M; Ramos, H. Atlas de Biodiversidad de la República Dominicana; Santillana: Santo Domingo, DO., 2006.
 

 

 

 

 

 
 

Additional Information
PhotoFauna - Cotorra
PhotoFauna - Ballena Jorobada
PhotoFauna - MurciƩlago
PhotoMurciƩlagos en las cuevas del Pomier
TableBats in Hispaniola
Topic  BiodiversityProtected areas