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Term Recombinant DNA

A type of DNA formed by the union of two molecules from different sources. Generally, it refers to molecules produced by the artificial and deliberate, or in vitro, union of DNA from two different organisms.

There is a distinction between natural recombinant DNA and synthetic recombinant DNA. The first is generated in a biological manner within organisms, as for example in the fertilization of an egg cell by a sperm cell. The second is created by scientists and used in genetic engineering to produce biotechnological innovations. Techniques for the production of recombinant DNA were developed in the 1980s, giving humans the ability to penetrate the interior of the DNA chain and modify it. This allows for the possibility of transferring genes between plants, animals, fungi, bacteria and viruses.


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PhotoRecombinant DNA
Topic  BiodiversityProtected areas