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Term Speciation
Definition

The formation of two species from one as a result of natural selection, in which different specimens diverge in their response to changes in environmental conditions. This process can take thousands of years.

The Jaragua National Park has served as a focus for speciation, where microhabitats of many species in danger of extinction in the country have been preserved. Among the most striking species in the national park are the two species of rock iguanas: the rhinoceros iguana (cyclura cornuta cornuta) and the highly threatened Ricord's Iguana (Cyclura ricordi). It is one of the few places in the world where two species of rock iguanas coexist in the same geographic area without mating.

 
 

Topic  BiodiversityProtected areas