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Term Convention

An agreement of wills or treaty between several states. Any international convention or treaty is the result of a negotiation process where the representatives of the parties present proposals and counter proposals in order to come to an understanding. After reaching an agreement, a document is drawn up and the text is adopted by the parties, which in this case are the signatory states. It is also known as an agreement.

As a result of the United Nations Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm,1972) important agreements were established, such as the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES, Washington, 1973), the Basel Convention on Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste; and the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer (1985).

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 (also known as the Earth Summit), generated a different set of conventions on environmental issues: the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), which includes the Forest Principles (forest management, among others); the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD, Rio de Janeiro, 1992); the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, New York, 1992); and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD, Paris, 1994). 

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