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Term Noise pollution
Definition

The presence of acoustic disruption, excessive noise or sounds which, due to their level, duration, or frequency, affect the health and quality of life of the population and the functioning of ecosystems, exceeding the permissible levels established by law.

Nationwide, 38% percent of all environmental complaints reported to the Counsel for Environmental Defense are for noise pollution.

A total of 797 complaints were reported in 2008, 1,444 in 2009, and 1,333 in 2010. Of all of these, 2,216 were in the jurisdiction of the National District and the province of Santo Domingo, areas with a higher population density, and thus more sources of pollution. These are followed by Santiago, La Vega, San Francisco de Macoris, San Juan de la Maguana and San Cristobal.

It is estimated that the statistics compiled by the Counsel’s office fall short in comparison to the larger national problem because the National Police, through its anti-noise unit, the Ministry of Health and the Office of Environmental Protection of the Ministry of Environment receive cases separately and, on occasion, handle them without the knowledge of the Counsel’s office.

Actions taken by the authorities to address the problem have been more combative than proactive, as they focus on sporadic operations and responding to citizen complaints. Generally these operations end with the seizure of the object emitting the noise, and, in extreme cases, fines are issued, establishments are temporarily closed and cases are sent to court.

Types of noise
Urban: Emitted by any non-industrial source. This type includes domestic, residential and environmental noises. The main sources are: road traffic, rail and air transport, construction and public works.


Industrial: Noise generated in the industrial production process, including power plants.

 


Additional Information
LinkClassification of continuous noise levels and their effects on humans
Topic  BiodiversityEnvironmental managementEnvironmental educationProtected areas