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Term Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Definition

CITES is an international agreement signed in 1973 by representatives of 80 countries in Washington, DC. Its purpose is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. It works under three appendices which set restrictions on trade.

CITES was signed on March 3, 1973 in the United States and went into effect on July, 1975. Currently, more than 160 countries are party to CITES. The Dominican Republic adopted CITES in 1982 under resolution 550 d / f 17/06/82 passed by the Congress. The Dominican Republic's accession to the convention took place on December 17, 1986 and went into effect on March 17, 1987.1

To facilitate compliance with the regulations of this convention, the country developed a National Implementation Operation Manual on the International Trade of Endangered Species, issued Decree No. 1288-2004 to include the national legislation in the implementation of CITES, and wrote an informative brochure on the CITES Convention and its operation.2

1CITES (Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres). Países miembros [en línea].http://www.cites.org/esp/disc/parties/index.shtml (Consulta: 23 feb. 2011)

2 Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales. Cuarto Informe Nacional de Biodiversidad: República Dominicana; Convenio de Diversidad Biológica (CDB): Santo Domingo, 2010, p. 77.


Topic  BiodiversityProtected areasLegal and Institutional