Búsqueda alfabética
Search by Word

Search by Topic

Glossary of Terms >


Term Cavern

A hole or cavity large enough to fit one person. It forms on competent materials which are strong enough to remain stable. Caverns, the most common formations, are formed as a result of the chemical action of water when it interacts with carbonic acid (natural) and the corrosion caused by the charge on carbonate rocks such as limestone.

The coastal plain of the Caribbean has a complex distribution of soil, which is dominated by limestone and calcareous materials, that have dissolved over time and created an extensive and impressive cavern system.1 The Dominican Republic has the largest number of caverns in the West Indies, among which the Jose Maria cave in the Eastern National Park stands out for its cultural and historical value. This cave, the most important Taino ritual center known to date, is one of the most impressive ceremonial caverns with rock art in the world. The cave contains the largest amount of rock art in a single room, with more than 1,200 pictographs.2

See Cave

1 Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales; UASD (Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo); PNUMA (Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente). Informe GEO República Dominicana 2010: Estado y Perspectivas del Medio Ambiente; PNUMA: Santo Domingo, DO, 2010, p.21.

2Belando, A.L. Arte en la Penumbra: Pictografías y petroglifos del Parque Nacional del Este República Dominicana; Grupo BHD, 2003.


Topic  BiodiversityProtected areasSoil and water