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Term Protected Area Management Categories
Definition

A set of designations which are used to classify wild protected areas. The following are the protection and management categories recognized by Law 202-04 in articles 13 and 14 for the Dominican Republic. Overall, these categories follow, with some modifications, the guidelines established by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Category I: Strict protection areas. The management objective is to protect natural resources and unique ecological processes in a natural environment. Environmental uses permitted in this management category are: scientific research, environmental monitoring, education, conservation of genetic resources and ecotourism (in accordance with the management plan), as well as zoning and infrastructure approved by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and with the aim of protecting.

Category II: National parks. The management objectives are to protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems of great ecological significance and scenic beauty, with or without forest cover or marine life, for the benefit of present and future generations; to avoid exploitation and intensive occupation that may alter their ecosystems; and to provide the basis for spiritual, scientific, educational, and recreational opportunities, as well as tourism. The following environmental uses are permitted in this category: scientific research, education, recreation, nature tourism or ecotourism, infrastructure for protection and research, public use infrastructure and ecotourism in areas with specific characteristics defined by the management plan and authorized by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.

Category III: Special protection area. The management objectives are to preserve and protect specific natural elements which are important for their biotic, aesthetic or cultural components, for their role as habitats for species reproduction and the potential economic benefits that may result from tourism in these areas. Permitted environmental uses in this category include scientific research, education, recreation, nature tourism or ecotourism, recreational infrastructure, protection and research, infrastructure for public use or ecotourism, with specific characteristics defined by the management plan and authorized by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, as well as traditional uses and activities, in accordance to the management plan and zoning.

Category IV: Habitat/species management areas. Management objectives are to maintain the conditions necessary to protect significant species, groups of species, biotic communities or physical characteristics of the environment, when these may require specific actions for their optimum management.

Category V: Nature reserves. The management objective for the areas belonging to this category is to ensure natural conditions to protect species, groups of species, biotic communities or physical characteristics that require artificial manipulation for their survival. The economic benefits of ecotourism and sustainable use of resources are also ensured, in addition to the generation of water, timber, and ecotourism. This category includes the following permitted environmental uses: controlled use of the resources, traditional uses and activities, education, recreation, nature tourism or ecotourism and sustainable infrastructure under a management plan.

Category VI: Protected landscape. The management objectives for this category include maintaining landscapes which promote harmonious interaction between man and the Earth, preserving the natural and cultural heritage of the original landscape conditions, and providing economic benefits derived from traditional sustainable activities and ecotourism. The permitted environmental uses in this category include recreation and tourism, economic activities specific to the site, traditional land use, housing infrastructure, preexisting production and communication activities, new tourist facilities and other facilities regulated in terms of density, height and location.


Topic  BiodiversityEnvironmental managementProtected areasLegal and Institutional