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Term Climate change
Definition

Any change in the Earth’s climate over time, occurring through all climatic parameters (temperature, precipitation, cloudiness, etc.). It can be directly or indirectly attributed to human activity in the last centuries. It alters the composition of the global atmosphere and takes place along with natural climate variations over time.

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) uses the term to refer to changes produced by human actions, and therefore, as a synonym for global warming.

The Dominican Republic ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) on October 7, 1998, and accepted the commitment to draft national communications, in accordance with Article 12. Some predictions for the country indicate that the level of the sea may rise, causing the loss of low coastal areas and, therefore, impacting tourist areas as well as the country's biodiversity. It is also estimated that rainfall in the country may decrease and the temperature may increase from 0.5 to 2.3 degrees by 2060 and from 1.1 to 3.6 degrees by 2090.1

Developing countries are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and therefore must prioritize adaptation initiatives in order to minimize these impacts. Some adaptation strategies adopted by developing nations include the creation of special emergency funds, in order to have resources available for rapid response to the effects caused by climate change; the sustainable use of water resources; proper land management planning; research promotion; sustainable agriculture; biodiversity conservation, and the strengthening of health systems.2

1Rathe, L. Plan de Acción Nacional de Adaptación al Cambio Climático en la Republica Dominicana; Proyecto de la Segunda Comunicación Nacional para el convenio Marco de las Naciones Unidas para el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC)/ (SEMARENA): Santo Domingo, DO, 2008, p.114.

2SEMARNAT (Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales); PNUMA/ORPALC (Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe); CITMA (Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente de Cuba). Capítulo VI: Mitigación y Adaptación al Cambio Climático. En El Cambio Climático en América Latina y el Caribe; SEMARNAT/PNUMA: La Habana, Cuba, 2006.

 
 

Topic  Legal and Institutional