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The Wetlands

Every year, since 1971, International Day of the Wetlands is celebrated on February 2nd.

The definition of “wetland“, according to the Ramsar Convention:

“Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, regulated by climate factors and in constant relation with the living species that inhabit them. It includes all lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs and salt pans.”

In the Dominican Republic there are approximately 4,000 thousand square kilometers of wetlands,some of which of international relevance, including: Humedales de Jaragua (Bucán de Base), Bajo Yuna, Lago Enriquillo, Lagunas Cabral, Redonda y Limón. Laguna Cabral is the country’s largest sweet water wetland.

Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, according to the WWF. Between 300 and 400 million people depend on or live near wetlands, which cover approximately 63 million hectares of the Earth’s surface.